National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services 2016 (N-SSATS-2016)

Parent Series Details:

The National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS) is an annual census designed to collect information from all facilities within the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. teritories, both public and private, that provide substance abuse treatment. N-SSATS provides the mechanism for quantifying the dynamic character and composition of the United States substance abuse treatment delivery system.

Designed to collect data based on the location of the facility, the objectives of N-SSATS are (1) Collect multipurpose data that can be used to assist the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and state and local governments in assessing the nature and extent of services provided and in forecasting treatment resource requirements; (2) Update SAMHSA’s Inventory of Behavioral Health Services (I-BHS); (3) Analyze general treatment services trends; (4) Generate the online Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator and the National Directory of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Treatment Programs.

N-SSATS collects three types of information from facilities: (1) characteristics of individual facilities such as types of treatment provided and services offered (assessment, counseling, pharmacotherapies used, testing, transitional, and ancillary services), operation of the facility (public or private), special programs or groups provided for specific client types, client outreach, and payment options; (2) client count information (based on a survey reference date) such as counts of clients served by service type and number of beds designated for treatment (collected only in “odd” years); and (3) general information such as licensure, certification, or accreditation and facility website availability.

 


Study Details:

The 2016 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS) was conducted between March and November 2016, with a reference date of March 31, 2016. It is the 39th in a series of national surveys that began in the 1970s. The surveys were designed to collect data on the location, characteristics, and use of alcohol and drug abuse treatment facilities and services throughout the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, U.S. territories, and other jurisdictions.1 The Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, plans and directs N-SSATS.
N-SSATS collects information from all facilities in the United States, both public and private, that provide substance abuse treatment.2
N-SSATS quantifies the dynamic character and composition of the U.S. substance abuse treatment delivery system. N-SSATS collects multipurpose data that can be used to:

  • Assist SAMHSA and state and local governments in assessing the nature and extent of services provided in state-supported and other substance abuse treatment facilities and in forecasting substance abuse treatment resourcerequirements;
  • Update SAMHSA’s Inventory of Behavioral Health Services (I-BHS), formerly called the Inventory of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (I-SATS), which includes all known drug and alcohol abuse treatment and mental health treatment facilities;
  • Analyze substance abuse treatment services trends and conduct comparative analyses for the nation, regions, and states;
  • Generate the National Directory of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Treatment Programs, a compendium of facilities approved by state substance abuse agencies for the provision of substance abuse treatment; and
  • Update the information in SAMHSA’s Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator, a searchable database of facilities that provide substance abuse treatment. The Treatment Services Locator is available on the Internet at: https://findtreatment.samhsa.gov

Study Scope

Time period: 
2016
Collection date: 
March 31, 2016 through December 15, 2016
Geographic coverage : 
United States
Unit of observation: 
N-SSATS is designed to collect data from each physical location where treatment services are provided. Accordingly, SAMHSA requests that state substance abuse agencies use the point of delivery of service (i.e., physical location) as the defining factor f
Data types: 
Survey Data
Universe: 
The 2016 N-SSATS facility universe totaled 18,087 facilities, including all 17,017 active treatment facilities on SAMHSA’s I-BHS at a point four weeks before the survey reference date, and 1,070 facilities that were added by state substance abuse agencies

Study Methodology

Mode of data collection: 
mail questionnaire
Sample: 
The largest group of facilities (11,350 in 2016) includes facilities that are licensed, certified, or otherwise approved by the state substance abuse agency to provide substance abuse treatment. State BHSIS representatives maintain this segment of I-BHS by reporting new facilities, closures, and address changes to SAMHSA. Some facilities are not licensed, certified, or otherwise approved by the state agency. Some private for-profit facilities fall into this category. The approved facility group also includes programs operated by federal agencies—the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the Department of Defense, the Indian Health Service—and opioid treatment programs certified by SAMHSA. I-BHS records for federally-operated facilities are updated annually through lists provided by these agencies.